Thursday, November 20, 2014

Hallway Design Nightmares Part2: TXPower

One of the effects of the hallway design is that Radio Resource Management (RRM) frequently doesn't work as expected.  It's not that it doesn't work, it's just that hallway designs significantly limit the perspective of how APs see each other, which is primarily how RRM determines what it should be doing.  Given that all the APs in the hall generally see each other at or about the same level, they all have a very similar view of the network.  For illustration purposes, I've mocked up an imaginary residence hall.  A specific hall that I visited recently was build with concrete walls.  We will talk about some of the things I saw, and how they apply to this generic sample floor.



For this example, I've place 3 APs where the black dots are.  Let's also assume that this is the 2nd floor in a 3 story building.



Hallway Design Nightmares Part 1: Introduction

A lot of people know that Hallways designs are a bit of a pet peeve of mine.  My opinion is that they do not work, and beyond moving the APs out of the hall, you cannot fix them.  But the reality is that moving APs and existing infrastructure can be really expensive, time consuming and difficult to get management to buy off on.  This means that you probably will have to live with some of your existing hallway designs for the foreseeable future.

In this series, my aim is to explore the options available to improving performance of a hallway design.  As an engineer working for a Cisco Gold Partner, I'm going to talk about some of the tools available in the Cisco Unified Wireless Network (CUWN) to help deal with these designs.

I'll leave this short intro post with the following advise:
Don't put APs in the hallway.
Put APs as close to clients as you can get them.
Think about how RRM works, and incorporate that into your designs
Don't put APs in the hallway, PLEASE!